Ukrainian vanguard at the beginning of the 20th century

Ukrainian vanguard at the beginning of the 20th century

22 June 2022, 12:00
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The heyday of the avant-garde in Ukraine came at the beginning of the 20th century. The period from 1910 to 1930 became the most vivid and memorable.

Born in innovative associations of artists, in art schools and galleries in Kyiv, Kharkov and Odessa, the Ukrainian avant-garde not only made an impression on the whole world, but also influenced the development of international art. He helped revive the modernism of the 90s, echoes of which are heard even today.

The current became a phenomenon of its time. Several directions poured into a single whole at once: sculpture, poetry, scenography, painting, music and cinema. Different art forms had a number of common trends.

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Alexandra Eclair

Women made an impressive contribution to the formation of the Ukrainian avant-garde of the 20th century. One of the most serious schools was formed by Alexandra Ekler in the capital of Ukraine. Thanks to Alexandra, such a direction as cubo-futurism appeared and the art deco style was improved. She was not afraid to experiment and shocked the public with her art.

No less impressive figure in the world of Ukrainian avant-garde was Sonia Delaunay, the first woman whose exhibition was held at the Louvre. Sonia mixed different forms of art and brought provocative ideas to it. Among the merits of the artist is the creation of such a direction as Orphism. The artistic heritage that Delaunay left remains relevant in the modern world.

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Sonia Delaunay

A feature of the Ukrainian avant-garde is a harmonious combination of high and folk art. Folk motifs inspired artists and often became the basis of works of art. For example, poets and stenographers started from the language of craftsmen and peasants. This helped to fill the word with dynamics and rhythm. Folk culture also influenced the development of naive art. Alexander Arkhipenko and Alexander Bogomazov often turned to her.

Many talented people became victims of the regime. The intensified Stalinist repression forced most of the intellectual elite to emigrate. The pressure of the authorities forced the futurist poet Mikhail Semenko to abandon creativity. But even this did not save the avant-garde artist from the death penalty. He was arrested and sent to a labor camp, and then executed the founder of the theater "Berezil" Les Kurbas.

But even the persecution of the authorities did not change the meaning of the avant-garde. After some time, connoisseurs of the direction returned to the experiments of the last century. You can plunge into the world of the avant-garde, as well as other types of art, on our website in the section "Painting and graphics. Author's sculpture».

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Les Kurbas
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