nat4b
nat4b
4 December 2023, 20:24

Royal luxury in porcelain from Real Fábrica del Buen Retiro

Royal luxury in porcelain from Real Fábrica del Buen Retiro
At the beginning of the 18th century, during the Baroque era, royal porcelain factories in Europe became symbols of luxury and sophistication. One of them, known for its sophistication and high craftsmanship, is the Buen Retiro Royal Porcelain Factory in Spain.

The Royal Factory, whose first official name was "Real Fábrica de SM Católica" was founded in Madrid at the initiative of King Charles III. In 1760, by his order, 53 specialized craftsmen arrived from Naples, three batches of materials and a special paste needed for porcelain at the new factory, whose trademark was the heraldic lily, the symbol of the Bourbons.
Photo source: Museo Nacional de Artes Decorativas
Photo source: Museo Nacional de Artes Decorativas
The "Real Fábrica de SM Católica" began its activities in the Retiro Park, at that time a private garden of the Royal Palace, in the immediate vicinity of the city, not far from the current location of the Fuente del Ángel Caido. The first head of the factory was Giuseppe Gricci, who remained until his death in 1770.

The quality of this porcelain was recognized all over the world, and the technology of its production remained a state secret. One of the key features of the factory was its location, as it was located in the historical and cultural heart of Spain. This made it possible to adapt to the traditions of Spanish art and design, giving it a unique character.
Photo source: Museo Nacional de Artes Decorativas
Photo source: Museo Nacional de Artes Decorativas
Masters embodied the sophistication of various styles in porcelain. Spanish products imitated the models of French, German and Italian factories, in particular the relief sculpture on the wall coverings. The greatest masterpiece was considered the porcelain room, or Gabinete de porcelana, of the Royal Palace of Aranjuez, designed and made by Giuseppe Gricci and his assistants.

For many years, the factory produced products exclusively for the royal family and high society. Due to this, Buen-Retiro products gained a reputation for exclusivity and luxury.
Photo source: Museo Nacional de Artes Decorativas
Photo source: Museo Nacional de Artes Decorativas
After the destruction caused by the Napoleonic Wars, in 1817 the factory moved a short distance from Madrid to become the Royal Factory of La Moncloa, taking with it the surviving molds and equipment, as well as the employees.

A fine collection of porcelain from the factory is exhibited in the Historical Museum of Madrid, some exhibits are in the Prado Museum, as well as in several other European and American museums. Products created in Buen Retiro continue to amaze the world with their unparalleled craftsmanship and approach to porcelain production as museum exhibits.
Photo source: Metropolitan Museum of Art
Photo source: Metropolitan Museum of Art
Photo source: Metropolitan Museum of Art
Photo source: Metropolitan Museum of Art
Photo source: Museo Nacional de Artes Decorativas
Photo source: Museo Nacional de Artes Decorativas
Source: en.wikipedia.org

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