nat4b
nat4b
10 December 2023, 22:14

"Kom" of copper coins more than 2000 years old is a find of Pakistani archaeologists

"Kom" of copper coins more than 2000 years old is a find of Pakistani archaeologists
A group of Pakistani archaeologists shared the results of their recent find — in early November, they discovered 2,000-year-old coins in the ruins of a Buddhist temple in Pakistan. The find had a rather unusual appearance - about 1,000-1,500 copper coins turned into a green "lump" weighing 5.5 kg due to oxidation.

Researchers believe that the coins found date back to the period of the Kushan Empire, a state that dominated the region from about the 2nd century BC to the 3rd century AD. An archaeologically and historically important empire existed in the middle basin of the Amu Darya River in Central Asia. This state was a key element of the Great Silk Road, connecting East and West and ensuring the exchange not only of goods, but also of culture and ideas.
Photo source: livescience.com by Sheikh Javed Ali Sindh
Photo source: livescience.com by Sheikh Javed Ali Sindh
Some of the coins have the image of a man standing. According to archaeologists, they belong to the Kushan king. The coins are the first artifacts found at the temple ruins since 1931, when British archaeologist Ernest Mackay discovered more than 1,000 copper coins there. A similar find also took place in the 1920s.

The coins were found in the ruins of a Buddhist temple built around 150 AD on the territory of the even older city of Mohenjo-Daro. At that time, this abandoned city was almost 2000 years old. Researchers believe that the temple was abandoned around 500 AD, possibly due to destruction from an earthquake or because the influence of Buddhism in the area had waned.
Photo source: livescience.com by Sheikh Javed Ali Sindh
Photo source: livescience.com by Sheikh Javed Ali Sindh
The Kushan Empire reached its peak during the reign of King Kanishka I, who ruled at the beginning of the 2nd century. He turned out to be a great strategist and a recognized patron of art and religion. Kanishka I supported Buddhism and made it one of the dominant religions in his empire.

After about two centuries of greatness, the Kushan state turned into a small dependent kingdom, which, from time to time, changed its suzerains and finally disappeared from the pages of history in the 6th century.
Photo source: livescience.com by Sheikh Javed Ali Sindh
Photo source: livescience.com by Sheikh Javed Ali Sindh
The legacy of the Kushan kingdom is not only its influence on the art, architecture and religious views of the region, but also an important contribution to the formation of the identity of the peoples of Central Asia. The rich historical layer associated with the Kushans is being explored by archaeologists and historians as a key to understanding ancient civilizations.
Photo source: livescience.com by Sheikh Javed Ali Sindh
Photo source: livescience.com by Sheikh Javed Ali Sindh
Source: livescience.com

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