14 May, 23:00

Polonsk ceramics: the heritage of Ukrainian art

Polonsk ceramics: the heritage of Ukrainian art
In the picturesque town of Polonne, in the Khmelnytskyi region, there is a place known for the traditions of ceramic art. For centuries it was noted for its ceramic products.

The real flowering of this industry came in the 19th century, although the production of ceramics here began much earlier. The porcelain industry became a symbol of this period, because it was then that raw material sources were discovered, which contributed to the development of mass production of ceramic products.
One of the vivid examples of the development of the ceramic industry was the "Brychkin Doll Factory". This factory specialized in the production of small porcelain figurines, as well as ceramic pots for indoor plants, cabinet calamari and porcelain plastic. Not far from the factory was a workshop where artists painted finished products.

The porcelain mass of Polonaise ceramics was of different colors: white, greenish, and other shades. Household motifs or animals prevailed - "Deer", "Crane", "Mermaid", "Blacksmith", "Klopi", etc.
At the end of the 1920s, a new ceramic factory was founded in the city of Polonne, which was joined by Brychkin himself, who declared the suspension of production in Horoshky. The most qualified workers from Horoshok moved to the new enterprise "Keramik", and even part of the production mechanisms were moved here. The name "Keramik" was kept by the Polonsk enterprise until 1956.

In the first half of the 20th century, the factory employed a large number of employees who carried out the entire production process manually. Despite the difficult working conditions and the emergence of social problems, the plant survived and produced the highest quality ceramic products. New themes appeared in porcelain plastic - "Football players", "Children", "Miners", porcelain portraits of famous writers of the past - "Taras Shevchenko", "Mykola Gogol".
Since the 1960s and 1970s, the Polonsk Plant was awaiting reconstruction, the construction of new buildings, and the equipping of the necessary equipment. The products were distinguished by a complex decor, especially sets of tableware with a fairy tale theme.

Polonsk ceramics are a vivid example of the combination of traditions, craftsmanship and creative potential of people who, despite all trials and obstacles, developed ceramic art.


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