Spurius Afranius
Spurius Afranius
24 May, 12:38

Solid Valens is a numismatic witness to the tragedy of the Roman army

Solid Valens is a numismatic witness to the tragedy of the Roman army
Dear readers! In my previous articles, I often described the events of 251, when the emperor Trajan Decius and his son Gerennius Etruscan died at the hands of the Gothic army in the battle of Abrita, the second son Hostilian died soon after, and Decius wife Gerennia Etruscilla's  was exiled. The aureuses of all four rulers who as a result of these events appeared to the modern territory of Ukraine were regularly presented at Violity. This period marks the initial period of existence of the proto-states of the Goths on the territory of modern Ukraine and Romania.
The coin that we offer for consideration today belongs to the end of this period. The solid of Emperor Valens on the obverse shows a bust of the emperor wearing a diadem of pearls,
Solid Valens
Solid Valens
on the reverse the emperor holds the personification of Victory in his hand and is titled as the restorer of the republic.
Solid Valens
Solid Valens
Valens was born into an aristocratic family and enlisted in the army during the reign of Emperor Julian the Apostate.
Valens Musei_Capitolini
Valens Musei_Capitolini
 After the death of Emperor Jovianus, Valens ascended the throne in 364 as co-ruler with his brother Valentinian I.
Valens was responsible for the eastern part of the Roman Empire, which, after the wars with Sassanid Iran and the loss of some territories, required restoration. During this period, there was a rebellion of Procopius, which took almost a year to subdue.
The war with the Goths in 367-369, when the empire was simultaneously attacked by the Visigoths and Ostrogoths, was a typical phenomenon for the Romans for more than 100 years and ended with the expulsion of the Goths from the territory of the empire. The new conflict with the Sassanids over Armenia also had a favorable ending for the Romans.  
Goths
Goths
And the real catastrophe began in 376. In the previous year 375, taking advantage of the conflict between the Ants and the Ostrogoths in the territory of modern Ukraine, the Huns crossed the Don from the east and conquered the Ostrogoths, ravaging their lands. The horrified Visigoths asked to be allowed to cross the Danube to Roman territory, promising to protect the Roman border from the new enemies of the Huns.    
Visigoths crossed the Danube
Visigoths crossed the Danube
In the autumn of 376, the Visigoths crossed the Danube with the emperor's permission and settled on the territory of the empire, but the abuse of Roman officials, their usury and superiority over the Goths led to a conflict and open confrontation, which turned into a war on the territory of the empire. In addition, troops of Huns and Alans crossed the open Danube borders.
Ostrogoths, Helmet, Saint Petersberg, Hermitage
Ostrogoths, Helmet, Saint Petersberg, Hermitage
In August 378, the emperor came to help with the best parts of the Roman army. On August 9, in the Battle of Adrianople, the Roman army suffered a crushing defeat due to poor command. Almost two-thirds of the Romans died, the elite Roman units were almost completely destroyed. The emperor himself died in the battle. The death of the best parts of the Roman army was fatal for its power. It will no longer be able to fully restore combat capability and be an effective defense force for the empire.
Gold coins of the Roman Empire are the decoration of the numismatic collection. Don't forget to check out the corresponding Violity section

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