nat4b
nat4b
12 June, 14:48

Wooden Galician churches in the drawings of a famous German architect

Wooden Galician churches in the drawings of a famous German architect
During the First World War, famous artists and architects who were part of various warring armies showed interest in European architecture. In particular, he was interested in Ukrainian sacred wooden structures. Several sketches of Galician churches belong to the German architect Ernst May.

Starting from the 1910s, Ernst May studied at the Technical University of Munich, and after its completion he worked as an architect in Frankfurt am Main. However, in 1914 he was called up for military service.
Ernest May, 1926
Ernest May, 1926
As part of the German army, the architect was stationed in various areas of the front. And he had the opportunity to study the architectural monuments of different countries - Lithuania, France, Romania, Moldova and Galicia. Ernst May realized his professional interest in architecture thanks to a series of drawings published in the Frankfurt newspaper "Das illustrierte Blatt".

For the first publication, Mai used images of Galician wooden churches in Pidhirtsy and Plugov, and added features of their construction:

"An art that cannot be forgotten when evaluating the culture of Galician construction is folk wooden architecture. Everywhere in the area you can find extremely attractive dome-shaped, small Ruthenian village churches covered with shingles with slightly distant wooden bell towers.
Church of St. Paraskeva in Plugov, 1715. Drawing by Ernst May, 1916.
Church of St. Paraskeva in Plugov, 1715. Drawing by Ernst May, 1916.
The German architect emphasized that the war threatens to destroy the original small churches. After all, even one well-hit shot or spark is enough for such a building to disappear.

Mai illustrated the church of St. Paraskeva with a bell tower in Plugov, built in 1715. It is believed that it was built on the site of a pagan sanctuary. Having survived two world wars, she continues to serve local residents.
Church of St. Arch. Mykhailo in Pidhirtsy, 1756. Drawing by Ernst May, 1916.
Church of St. Arch. Mykhailo in Pidhirtsy, 1756. Drawing by Ernst May, 1916.
Unfortunately, the church of St. Archangel Michael in Pidhirtsy has a more tragic fate. The building, built in 1756, began to collapse in the early 1930s. It was even restored in the 1970s. However, in 2006, the church burned down.
Church of St. Nicholas in Sasov, 1731. Drawing by Ernst May, 1917.
Church of St. Nicholas in Sasov, 1731. Drawing by Ernst May, 1917.
These were not the only Galician churches that attracted Ernst May's attention. In 1917, he accompanied his architectural report with drawings of the wooden church of St. Nicholas in Sasov, built in 1731.

Source: photo-lviv.in.ua
              hwk1.hebis.de

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