Spurius Afranius
Spurius Afranius
19 June, 00:41

The ducat of Gustav II Adolf was minted in Würzburg

The ducat of Gustav II Adolf was minted in Würzburg
Gustav II Adolf was the most outstanding monarch in the history of Sweden.
Gustav II Adolf, Portrait by Michiel Jansz. van Mierevelt 1633
Gustav II Adolf, Portrait by Michiel Jansz. van Mierevelt 1633
A talented military leader and highly educated person, he turned Sweden into a superpower of the 17th century.
The heir to the throne at a very young age was forced to fight three successive wars.
Gustav II Adolf, portrait by Matthaus the Elder Merian
Gustav II Adolf, portrait by Matthaus the Elder Merian
The war with Denmark ended on favorable terms for Sweden, the war with the Muscovite Tsardom brought Sweden the cities of Yam, Ivangorod, Koporye, Noteburg and Kexholm. According to the terms of the Stolbovo Treaty of 1617, Muscovy was left without access to the Baltic Sea.
The war with the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth added Livonia with its capital Riga to Sweden's possessions.
But Gustav II Adolf became the most famous thanks to his participation in the Thirty Years' War.
The war took place in 1618-1648, brought ruin to Germany and the Czech lands, up to 8 million people died as a result of hostilities, famine and epidemics.
The war took place between Catholic and Protestant rulers in the Holy Roman Empire. The main role in the military victories on the side of the Catholics was played by the emperor's troops led by the outstanding generals Tilly and Wallenstein.
Gustav Adolf in battle, painting by Jan Martszen de Jonge
Gustav Adolf in battle, painting by Jan Martszen de Jonge
Sweden was a Protestant country, so Gustav II Adolf entered the war in 1630 on the side of the Protestants, fearing their defeat, which would have very serious consequences for Sweden.
The Protestant princes of the Holy Roman Empire were very wary of help from the Swedes, but the advance of the Habsburg imperial troops and their war crimes inclined the Protestants to a coalition with Sweden.
During the years 1630-1632, most of the Holy Roman Empire came under the control of Protestants. The Swedes won the battles of Breitenfeld in 1631 and Lützen on November 16, 1632. In the last battle, during the attack of enemy cavalry, Gustav II Adolf died.
The death of Gustav II Adolf in the battle near Lützen. Painting by Carl Wahlbom (1855)
The death of Gustav II Adolf in the battle near Lützen. Painting by Carl Wahlbom (1855)
A ducat minted in 1632 on behalf of Gustav Adolf in the city of Würzburg was sold at Violity. The ducat was also minted in 1631.
Ducat of Gustav II Adolf
Ducat of Gustav II Adolf
Ducat of Gustav II Adolf
Ducat of Gustav II Adolf
From the beginning of the 8th century, Würzburg was an important center of Catholicism on the territory of Bavaria and Franconia.
Würzburg, modern view
Würzburg, modern view
It was the capital of an independent principality-bishopric within the framework of the Holy Roman Empire. How did it happen that the city sided with the Protestant king and minted a coin in his honor?
Ducat of Gustav II Adolf
Ducat of Gustav II Adolf
Ducat of Gustav II Adolf
Ducat of Gustav II Adolf
The reason lies in the terrible events of 1626-1631, when up to 900 women were burned by the ruling Prince-Bishop Philip Adolf von Ehrenberg for accusations of witchcraft.
Panorama of Würzburg, Matthäus Merian in Cornelis Danckerts,
Panorama of Würzburg, Matthäus Merian in Cornelis Danckerts, "Historis", 1642.
The coin was found on the territory of Ukraine.
Ducat of Gustav II Adolf
Ducat of Gustav II Adolf
How did it get to Ukraine? It turns out that Ukrainian Cossacks fought on the side of the Catholic Habsburg Empire, which were allies of the Habsburg Empire.
Learn the history of Ukraine by collecting the golden coins presented in the corresponding section of Violity.

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